A boma is a single settlement composed by one or more houses protected in the same enclosure. Houses are traditionally built by women, and made of sticks, cow dung and thatched roofs. Recently some huts have iron sheet roofs. The boma is surrounded by a fence of thickets, thorns and thistle which provides the community with protection from wild animals. Maasai people typically build round shaped enclosures whilst Warusha people build square shaped enclosures.
The Eco-boma concept has been conceived to integrate sustainable solutions and sound instruments within the traditional boma and the surrounding areas to ultimately ensure a sustainable management of natural resources and capitalize the ecosystem services.