Maasai pastoralists depend on ecosystem services for their survival. Pastures, energy, water and food are in fact largely generated by semi-arid grasslands. Today, in the Arusha District, population increase, expansion of agriculture into arid lands and unpredictable rainfall patterns threaten the equilibrium of a sustainable and successful pastoralist life, exacerbating conflict and food insecurity.
With the Maasai communities of the Wards of Oldonyosambu and Uwiro (2000 families of pastoralists and agro-pastoralist living in about 250 boma*) we outlined the ECO-BOMA project to integrate traditional coping strategies and conservation of ecosystem services.
2,000 families of pastoralists and agro-pastoralist living in about 250 bomas are involved in the project. They are actively involved in the initiative, working with the project's staff in order to design together sustainable strategies to face climate change.